How to properly measure the temperature?

The reasons for the increase in temperature. Whatever the reason, the increase in body temperature always indicates a hotbed of inflammation in the body. The more a hotbed and the sharper the inflammation, the higher body temperature. Only in the case of depleted patients and seniors fever for a long time can remain insignificant-this indicates the low reactivity of the immune system.

In most cases, the correct definition of body temperature helps to navigate and develop competent care tactics. The easiest way to measure the temperature of just attaching to the body of the patient. This method of temperature measurement is very subjective, but can be used in the absence of other means. It is important that the person measuring the temperature itself was healthy otherwise it just does not feel the increase in body temperature of the patient.

Objectively measure the temperature by using a thermometer. In everyday practice, used various types of thermometers (colored laboratory rack): liquid (mainly alcohol), mercury, e. Liquid thermometers are cumbersome and not very accurate, because use is very limited. On the contrary, mercury thermometers measure temperature with a precision of tenths of a degree that is very useful for an accurate assessment of the condition of the patient. The only drawback is their colored laboratory rack mercury the fragility and the need to shake before each use. If a Mercury thermometer crashed, do not panic. Spilled mercury balls need to carefully collect and discard.

Electronic thermometers are simple and convenient in operation, they are reasonably accurate and ecologically safe. Some types of electronic colored laboratory rack can "remember" several consecutive measurements that is convenient enough to assess the dynamics of temperature changes.

The well-known figure of 36.6° c (normal body temperature) is very relative. Actually "normal" body temperature varies depending on the place of measurement. When measuring body temperature normal armpit really comes close to this figure (36.6° c), but when measured in the mouth or rectum it may reach 37° c degrees. The highest recorded temperature of the liver. Inside this body temperature can go up and up to 40° c. By the way, this feature and formed the basis of the name of this body ("liver" means "oven"). Various methods of measuring temperature, as well as the use of different types of thermometers differ in accuracy and practicality. In children under five years of age the most convenient and measuring body temperature in the rectum. This method gives accurate results, but sometimes poorly tolerated by children and therefore do not like their parents. Found that the temperature in the rectum is close to the temperature of the blood, but changing slower overall body temperature. On the accuracy of the results may influence the depth of introduction and thermometer rectum faecal masses. American doctors have limited the practice of measuring the temperature in the rectum in newborns because of risk (one case on several million tests) perforation of the rectum.

An alternative method is to measure the temperature in the armpit, but there is a maximum probability of obtaining a false result. Measurement of body temperature in the mouth is sometimes difficult need to keep your mouth closed (this is quite difficult to achieve if the child is excited or cries). For measuring body temperature in children older than five years, you can use the oral method (i.e. in the mouth). In all cases, the temperature measurement in children it is better to use an electronic thermometer. For teenagers and adults are acceptable for all methods of temperature measurement. Account should be taken of the fact that rectal temperature gives more accurate results than oral, which, in turn, more accurate measurement of temperature in the armpit. There are infrared thermometers capable of measuring body temperature in the ear passage. This method gives very accurate results, but its use is limited yet for technical reasons.


Source: www.polismed.ru


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